115th Support Battalion
“Prepared in Peace and War”
The 115th Brigade Support Battalion carries the history, lineage, and colors of the 15th Supply Transport Battalion, which predates the 1st Cavalry Division itself. Organized at Camp Henry Knox, Kentucky in 1919 as the 657th Motor Transport Company, it was redesignated as the 84th Motor Transport Company on 1 December 1919. Many redesignations subsequently occurred in order to keep pace with the constant change of the United States Army.
With the post World War I demobilization, the 84th Motor Transport Company was inactivated only to reappear on the active Army rolls in 1936. Its new designation was “D” Troop, 16th Quartermaster Squadron, which was listed as an element of the 1st Cavalry Division. The Troop traveled with the Division throughout its World War II campaigns in the Pacific theater.
“D” Troop was moving with the Division when it earned its initial first designation, “First in Manila” during the campaign to retake the Philippine Islands. As the Japanese will to fight evaporated on the clouds of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, “D” Troop marched into Japan when the Division achieved its second motto, “First in Tokyo.” During the occupation, the Troop became the quartermaster support unit for the 1st Cavalry Division.
In 1949, the Troop become the 15th Quartermaster Company and moved to Korea in 1950 to participate in combat supplying of the 5th, 7th, and 8th Cavalry Regiments, Division Artillery, and Special Troops. The 15th Quartermaster Company fought with the Division moving north across the 38th Parallel to receive the the First Team’s third accolade, “First in Pyongyang”was added to the battle honors of the Division and its Quartermaster Company.
The 15th Quartermaster Company remained in Korea after the war. With the transformation of the US Army to the ROAD force structure (Reorganization of Army Divisions) in 1963, the Company was combined with the 23rd Transportation Battalion and redesignated as the 15th Supply and Transport Battalion.
In 1965, the 15th Supply and Transport Battalion returned to Fort Benning, Georgia with the 1st Cavalry Division and was organized as a part of the Army’s first airmobile division. From 1 July 1971 until the end of the year, the unit served in the Republic of Vietnam.
Upon its return to the United States in 1971, the 15th Supply and Transport Battalion and the 1st Cavalry Division as a whole moved to Fort Hood, Texas under the TRICAP (Triple Capability) concept. In January 1975, the 1st Cavalry Division was reorganized, becoming the Army’s newest armored division. The 15th Supply and Transport Battalion adapted itself quickly to meet the ever-changing logistical needs of the Division.
In 1984, the entire structure of the Division Support Command (DISCOM) underwent a dynamic change. Support battalions were activated, incorporating previous elements of the 15th Supply and Transport Battalion, the 15th Medical Battalion, and the 27th Maintenance Battalion. These units had previously provided brigade-level combat service support as forward area support teams. Thus was born the 1st Forward Support Battalion on 1 October 1984. The 1st Forward Support Battalion took on the mission of supporting 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division.
Under the initial support battalion concept, the newly formed battalions had no history and lineage and only generic colors. This problem was corrected in 1987 when the Department of the Army and the Institute of Heraldry redesignated all support battalions including the 1st Forward Support Battalion that was redesignated as the 115th Support Battalion (Forward) on 15 May 1987 and given the full lineage, honors and colors of 15th Supply and Transport Battalion.
In October 1990, the 115th Forward Support Battalion deployed to Saudi Arabia for Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm and provided critical logistical support to the Soldiers of the 1st Brigade Combat Team (not to be confused with the modular brigade combat team). During Operation Desert Storm, traversing 260 kilometers into the heart of Iraq, the 115th Forward Support Battalion met the challenge of providing continuous logistical support.
The new 115th Forward Support Battalion, with “centralized” combat service support, provided all logistical support, and tied together the entire spectrum of supplies and services for the maneuver battalions within the 1st Brigade Combat Team. It consisted of 3 forward support companies (FSCs), a brigade support company, a medical company, and a headquarters and distribution company.
The Headquarters and “A” Company consisted of all battalion-level command and staff personnel, all battalion food service personnel, and a support operation section. Additionally, it was the supply and service company in the battalion and provides petroleum supply, ration support and general supply support to the 1st Brigade Combat Team. “B” Company was a maintenance company that conducted direct support repairs and services on equipment in the 1st Brigade Combat Team. The company had the capability of repairing tracked and wheeled equipment, engineer equipment, fire control equipment, and tank turrets. Additionally, the service and recovery section provided metal working support and vehicle recovery support. The company also maintained a repair parts warehouse. “C” Company was a medical company that had the mission of treating, holding and evacuating patients from the 1st Brigade Combat Team.
In March 2004, the 115th Forward Support Battalion deployed to the Persian Gulf for Operation Iraqi Freedom II. The Battalion mastered a myriad of new tasks and challenges as it adapted to the rapidly changing environment in and around Baghdad during their year-long deployment. Continuing their lineage of excellence, the 115th Forward Support Battalion provided first-class logistical support to the 1st Brigade Combat Team during periods of intense combat in Sadr City, and during the landmark first free Iraqi election.
In 2005, the Army was moving from a division-based force structure to a brigade-based force structure generally referred to as the modular force structure. The 1st Brigade Combat Team restructured as Interim Brigade Combat Team, incorporating elements of 312th Military Intelligence Battalion, 20th Engineer Battalion, 13th Signal Battalion, 1/82 Field Artillery Battalion, and 115th Forward Support Battalion.
On 12 July 2005, the 115th Forward Support Battalion was inactivated, reorganized and redesignated as the 115th Brigade Support Battalion. It was relieved from assignment to the Division Support Command (DISCOM), 1st Cavalry Division and reactivated on 15 July 2005 as the organic support battalion for the reorganized and redesignated 1st Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division. As part of the modular transformation, units previously held at division level, but habitually assigned to brigades during operations were made organic to those brigades. The 115th Brigade Support Battalion provided distribution-based, centrally-managed combat service support to the 1st Brigade Combat Team to sustain its operational employment in small scale contingencies.
Lineage and Honors
Lineage of the 115th Support Battalion
Organized in the National Army at Camp Henry Knox, as the 675th Motor Transport Company February 1919.
Redesignated as the 84th Motor Transport Company, 1 December 1919.
Demobilized at Camp Dix, New Jersey, 31 December 1920.
Reconstituted in the Regular Army of the United States as “D” Troop, 16th Quartermaster Squadron, 1 May 1936; an element of the 1st Cavalry Division.
Activated at Fort Ringgold, Texas, 15 January 1941.
Reorganized and redesignated as “C” Troop, 16th Cavalry Quartermaster Squadron, 15 March 1943.
Redesignated and reorganized as the 15th Quartermaster Pack Troop, an element of the 1st Cavalry Division, 15 November 1946.
Reorganized and redesignated as the 15th Quartermaster Troop, 31 March 1947.
Reorganized and redesignated as the 15th Quartermaster Company 25 March 1949.
Reorganized and redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 15th Supply and Transport Battalion on 1 September 1963; and remained assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division (organic elements concurrently constituted and activated).
Reorganized and redesignated as the 15th Supply and Service Company, 1 July 1965.
Reorganized and redesignated as the 15th Supply and Transport Battalion, 5 May 1971.
15 September 1985; Inactivated at Fort Hood, Texas.
Redesignated as the 115th Support Battalion and activated at Fort Hood, Texas, 1 May 1987.
Inactivated, reorganized and redesignated as the 115th Brigade Support Battalion and relieved from assignment to the Division Support Command (DISCOM), 1st Cavalry Division on 12 July 2005.
Reactivated as the organic support battalion for the reorganized and redesignated 1st Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division on 15 July 2005.
Honors of the 115th Support Battalion
Campaign Participation Credit
|World War II
First UN CounterOffensive
CCF Spring Offensive
UN Summer-Fall Offensive
Second Korean Winter
|Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered PLEIKU PROVINCE (as 15th Supply and Transport Battalion, cited 23 Oct to 26 Nov 1965; DA GO 53, 1967, amended DA GO 40, 1976)
Valorous Unit Award, Streamer embroidered QUANG TIN PROVINCE (as “C” Co, 15th Supply and Service Battalion, cited for the period 01 to 31 Oct 1967; DA GO 39, 1970)
Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroidered PACIFIC THEATER FEB – JUN 1944 (16th Quartermaster Squadron, cited for the period 25 Feb to 25 Jun 1944; DA GO 9, 1945)
Philippine Presidential Unit Citation, Streamer embroidered 17 OCTOBER 1944 – 4 JULY 1945 (16th Cavalry Quartermaster Squadron, cited; DA GO 47, 1950)
Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation, Streamer embroidered WAEGWAN-TAEGU (15th Quartermaster Company, cited for the period 16 Aug to 26 Sep 1959; DA GO 35, 1951)
Chryssoun Aristion Andrias (Bravery Gold Medal of Greece), Streamer embroidered KOREA (15th Quartermaster Company, cited; DA GO 02, 1956)
Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1969 – 1970 (as 15th Supply and Service Battalion, cited for the period May 1969 to Feb 1970; DA GO 11. 1973, amended DA GO 42, 1972)
Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1970 – 1971 (as 15th Supply and Service Battalion, cited for the period 21 Feb 1970 to 28 Feb 1971; DA GO 42, 1972)
Republic of Vietnam Civil Action Honor Medal, First Class, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1969 – 1970 (as 15th Supply and Service Battalion, cited for the period 1 Jan 1969 to 1 Feb 1970; DA GO 42, 1972)