1st Cavalry Division Artillery
The Red Team
Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Cavalry Division Artillery was constituted on 1 November 1940 in the Regular Army and was activated on 3 January 1941 at Fort Bliss, Texas. Throughout 1942, the 1st Cavalry Division Artillery underwent intensive training by honing its readiness to a fine edge.
The 1st Cavalry Division Artillery moved along with the rest of the Division to Australia for amphibious training and training for fighting in the islands of the Pacific. The Troopers of the Division Artillery saw their first combat during the Admiralty Islands Campaign. This was followed by participation in the Leyte and Luzon Campaigns.
At the conclusion of World War II the Division Artillery performed occupation duty in Japan and girded itself for its next call to combat.
It was not long before the DIVARTY became involved in the Korean War. During the first few weeks, the artillerymen of the Division found themselves fighting with small arms alongside their artillery pieces. The cannoneers of the 1st Cavalry Division Artillery continued to do their share in the fighting in Korea during 1950 – 1951. Defending the Pusan Perimeter and then breaking out and moving past the 38th Parallel to Unsan. They fought valiantly against the Red Chinese who entered the war in November 1950 and continued to fight until the Division was ordered back to Japan in late 1951.
In 1957 the 1st Cavalry Division Artillery returned to Korea providing artillery support to the Division who was monitoring the DMZ.
In July 1965, the 1st Cavalry Division Artillery’s colors were transferred to Fort Benning, Georgia, where it became transformed as part of the 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile). The 1st Cavalry Division Artillery deployed to Vietnam in September 1965. Across all four Corps areas, as well as the incursion into Cambodia, the airmobile “Redlegs” checkmated the enemy at every turn. In May 1971, the colors of the 1st Cavalry Division Artillery arrived at Fort Hood, Texas.
In 1991, the Red Team helped pave the way for the1st Cavalry Division’s charge into Iraq, while showering the enemy with over 9,000 cannon round and MLRS rockets. The artillery’s lethal effects directly contributed to the success of the theater’s deception plan. DIVARTY units were the first United States Army artillery units to fire cannon and copperhead rounds as well as MLRS rockets in combat during Operation Desert Storm.
Following the major encounters of the Gulf War, the 1st Cavalry Division Artillery deployed in support of the peacekeeping mission in Bosnia-Herzegovina in support of Operation Joint Forge.
In 2004, the Red Team formed the nucleus of the 5th Brigade Combat Team (Provisional) and deployed to Baghdad, Iraq, where it conducted full spectrum operations in the Al Rasid District until March 2005 in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom II. Several field artillery battalions served as motorized task forces with only limited artillery serving in the their traditional role. The Red Team’s deployment culminated with the highly successful Iraqi National Election of January 2005.
On 26 May 2005, following the return from its Iraqi Freedom II deployment, the 5th Brigade (Provisional), formally the Division Artillery, 1st Cavalry Division was inactivated at Fort Hood, Texas. Subsequently, on 30 May 2005, the DIVARTY, 1st Cavalry Division, which had returned to its traditional role, was inactivated as part of the U.S. Army’s transformation towards a modular force.
After a nearly ten year period of inactivation, Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Cavalry Division Artillery was activated in a ceremony conducted at Fort Hood, Texas on 2 April 2015. Troopers of the Red Team continue to train and prepare to meet the needs of our country to fight and win anywhere in the world.
Division Artillery Lineage and Honors
Constituted as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Cavalry Division Artillery in the Regular Army, 1 November 1940.
Activated at Fort Bliss, Texas, 3 January 1941.
Redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Cavalry Division Artillery (Special) and reorganized partly under the Cavalry and partly under the Infantry Tables of Organization and Equipment, 4 December 1943.
Reorganized as a Triangular Division on 25 March 1949; designation as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Cavalry Division remained the same.
The 1st Cavalry Division Artillery Command, DIVARTY, inactivated at Fort Hood, Texas, 30 June 2005.
The 1st Cavalry Division Artillery activated at Fort Hood, Texas, 2 April 2015.
Campaign Participation Credit
|World War II
Leyte (with arrowhead)
First UN Counteroffensive
CCF Spring Offensive
UN Summer-Fall Offensive
Second Korean WinterVietnam War
Counteroffensive, Phase II
Counteroffensive, Phase III
Counteroffensive, Phase IV
Counteroffensive, Phase V
Counteroffensive, Phase VI
Tet 69 Counteroffensive
Counteroffensive, Phase VII
|Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered PLEIKU PROVINCE
Valorous Unit Award, Streamer embroidered FISH HOOK
Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army) Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1966-1967
Philippine Presidential Unit Citation, Streamer embroidered 17 OCTOBER 1944 TO JULY 1945
Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation, Streamer embroidered WAEGWAN-TAEGU
Chryssoun Aristion Andrias (Bravery Gold Medal of Greece), Streamer embroidered KOREA
Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1965-1969
Republic of Vietnam Civil Action Honor Medal, First Class, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1969-1970